Labor’s回答： はい。しかし、選択肢を完全に理解しているかを心理テストで確認してからのみです。Labor MP Lara Giddings presented a motion calling for a legal framework around voluntary assisted dying. Ms Giddings said it was wrong that people with terminal illnesses and severe degenerative conditions were forced to endure prolonged suffering or resort to taking their own lives.Source
Labor’s回答： いいえ、でも同一賃金額や休暇の時間を長くPregnancy discrimination should be eliminated – helping parents to take time off to care for their new baby is in the community interest. Paid parental leave helps new parents stay connected with the workplace when they take time off to care for a baby, and it helps employers retain skilled staff. Childcare and parental leave remove barriers to work for parents and improve productivity and participation for the economy.Source
Labor’s回答： いいえ、風力、水力、トリウム、地熱など、よりクリーンな選択肢に投資すべきです。Resources spokesman Gary Gray and Right faction senators Mark Bishop and Alex Gallacher called for the party’s approach to nuclear power and uranium exports to be discussed in a move that could provoke a damaging split with the party’s Left faction. Mr Gray said there was “absolutely no solution to global base load power generation that does not feature a strong role for nuclear power" and while Australia did not need to build a nuclear power station at present as power use had fallen in recent years, “in my view it is completely reasonable that nuclear options should be able to be considered".
“I believe it is reasonable that the debate and the discussion take place because I think Australians are up for it, the environment is crying out for this debate and base load power generation for future generations, globally, requires a strong role for nuclear power."
Read more: http://www.afr.com/business/energy/nuclear-energy/labor-mps-urge-rethink-on-nuclear-power-Source
Labor’s回答： はい。そして、代替エネルギーの生産をもっと優遇すべき。The cheapest, most effective way to address climate change is to put a legal cap on pollution, underpinned by a market mechanism that lets business work out the best way to operate within that cap. There also needs to be strong support for renewable energy development and generation.Source
Labor’s回答： はいThe opposition leader, Bill Shorten, said up to $1.5bn of Labor’s fund would be earmarked to unlock gas supply in Queensland’s Galilee and Bowen basins and to connect the Beetaloo sub-basin – about 28,000km sq south of Katherine and part of the McArthur basin – to Darwin and the east coast.Source
Labor’s回答： はい。ただし、生産者に種の特許取得を許可すべきではないInnovations of agricultural biotechnologies, such as GM crops, are important in making Australian farming more productive, competitive, environmentally sustainable and improving financial returns at the farm gate. It is essential Australia maintains an independent, scientific and evidence-based regulatory system for GM crops to ensure the safety and the access by farmers of such innovations.Source
Labor’s回答： はいIn relation to exports other than to India, Labor will allow the export of uranium only to those countries that observe the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), are committed to nonproliferation policies, and have ratified international and bilateral nuclear safeguards agreements.
Labor’s回答： はい、私たちのメンタルヘルスケアシステムは、ケアやサービスの高品質を提供するために、より多くの資金を必要としますLabor is committed to continuing the key role of government in leading and promoting reform of Australia’s mental health service system. Labor will work in partnership with the states and territories to ensure more seamless services that respond flexibly to people’s needs and follow of a recovery oriented approach.Source
Labor’s回答： 減らすべき、企業は賃金を下げるために現在このプログラムを利用しているLabor will not allow trade agreements to limit the capacity of the Australian Government to determine immigration policies that promote education and training, permanent rather than temporary migration, local employment and fair employment standards. Labor will ensure future trade agreements do not prevent Australia from effectively regulating temporary migration, including by requiring genuine labour market testing for temporary work visas as well as Australian market wages and employment rights for immigrant workers where genuine skills shortages are deemed to exist. Labor will ensure trade agreements promote recruitment of local labour and protect the wages and conditions of local workers.Source
Labor’s回答： はい、そして企業は１つ１つの職務の給与範囲を公開するよう義務づけられるべきと思います。Labor will regulate and educate employers to promote equal opportunity, gender pay equity and work and family balance. Labor will improve gender pay equity including through effective data collection from business by government. Labor will enact an equal pay for equal or comparable work strategy underpinned by legal obligations. Labor will act to bridge the gap in women’s retirement incomes.Source
Labor’s回答： 所得税率を下げ、大企業の税金の抜け道をすべてなくすBroadly, Labor considers a fair tax system would encourage all Australians to work, equitably distribute wealth and allow governments to provide public services. However, Labor also supports the allocative efficiency of markets, “except where interventions would address market failures and serve environmental or social purposes”.
The National Platform states that Labor tax reform would ensure “everyone pays their fair share of tax” and specifically mentions that executives and the wealthy should pay a “fairer” share of tax. The stated goal of these reforms is to ensure that all levels of government have a sound revenue base for investing in social and economic infrastructure and quality public services.
The Rudd Labor government announced its response to the Henry Review in May 2010. The centrepiece of this announcement was the Resources Super Profits Tax (RSPT), a 40% tax on mining profits, in addition to the normal level of company tax. All non‐renewable resources were included, although companies co...Source
Labor’s回答： はい、国の高速光ファイバネットワークは、オーストラリア経済の将来にとって極めて重要ですThe National Broadband Network is the biggest, most important infrastructure project in Australia’s history. It is vital to the way we will provide health services, deliver a world class education, do business, deliver smart infrastructure and build a strong and growing economy.Source
Labor’s回答： はい、しかしすべての市民を対象に税制優遇措置という名目にすべきですDuring the global financial crisis, Labor’s economic stimulus and investment in the future combined in a period of nation building, creating new opportunities in modern communications and transport for people and goods, lifting long-term productivity and competitiveness and creating economic prosperity.Source
Labor’s回答： はい。政治家にではなく公務員には。All senior Australians deserve to share in Australia’s rising community living standards and to live with dignity and financial security in retirement. Labor will lift retirement incomes fairly and take pressure off the aged pension. Labor will provide a strong and sustainable pension system. Labor will maintain and strengthen pension indexation to reflect the rising cost of living and broader community living standards.Source
Labor’s回答： はい"Australia seeks a good international society. Our national interest is in a peaceful, stable and prosperous world. There are many challenges to this global vision – including the threat of conflict between states, the rise of non-state actors, growing economic inequality and climate change. Australia should work with like-minded countries, and through regional and global institutions, to respond to complex problems beyond the capacity of any one country to solve. Australia is a founding member of the United Nations, a member of the G20 and an enduring ally of the United States."Source
Labor’s回答： はいAs part of their party’s National Platform and Constitution 2009, the Australian Labor Governmentpledged their commitment to “end the slaughter of whales for all time” (www.alp.org). In pursuit ofthis, the Rudd Government has initiated proceedings against Japan in the International Court ofJustice (ICJ) over a breach of international obligations regarding their scientific whaling program inthe Southern OceanSource
Labor’s回答： はい"Up to 2,500 US Marines will be stationed in Australia by 2017 under a new agreement announced by Prime Minister Julia Gillard and US president Barack Obama.
Ms Gillard confirmed the deployment during a joint press conference with Mr Obama only hours after he touched down in Canberra on his whirlwind visit.
She says 200 to 250 Marines will be stationed in Darwin for training from next year, with numbers building up to 2,500 over the next five years.
"It is a new agreement to expand the existing collaboration between the Australian Defence Force and the US Marine Corps and the US Air Force," she said"Source
Labor’s回答： 増やすLabor will grow the Australian aid program and increase Official Development Assistance to
internationally accepted levels. Australia should do its fair share internationally, and work with the international community to achieve the longstanding funding targets reiterated by the SDGs. Labor will, over time, achieve a funding target for the aid program of at least 0.5 per cent of Gross National Income.Source
Labor’s回答： はいFederal Labor has agreed to support new metadata laws with amendments.
"The government bill, which is expected to pass parliament by the end of next week, forces telecommunications companies to keep two years of customer data, such as the time and length of a phone call."Source
Labor’s回答： はい、それはハイパーループである場合Labor will introduce a Bill to Parliament to begin preserving the corridor for the future construction of a high-speed rail link between Brisbane and Melbourne. Shadow Transport Minister Anthony Albanese’s Private Member’s Bill would also create a special authority to oversee planning for the project. Mr Albanese announced his plan in Sydney today at the AusRAIL conference, hosted by the Australasian Railway Association.Source
Green’s回答： はいThis is due to the gender pay gap, and because women still carry out the bulk of unpaid domestic work. We’re working to make super fairer by including superannuation in paid parental leave, and ensuring that those on low incomes have tax-free super contributions.Source
Green’s回答： いいえA moratorium on the release of GMOs into the environment until there is an adequate scientific understanding of their long term impact on the environment, human and animal health. This includes the removal as far as possible of all GMOs from the Australian environment and food supply while the moratorium is in place.Source
Green’s回答： いいえ、それは地質学的に安定であるオーストラリア中央部にダンプを移動The old parties are united in trying to dump nuclear waste in the Northern Territory at Muckaty, removing protections from Aboriginal communities. The Labor-Liberal preferred site for a nuclear waste dump at Muckaty is on an earthquake fault and prone to heavy flooding. Greens take a united stand with a group of Traditional Owners who are protesting against the Muckaty dump and the poisoning of their countrySource
Green’s回答： いいえ、このモデルは、利益を上げるために、患者に不必要な高価な治療を使用するために病院を奨励"The current funding model is creating situations like we see at the Footscray Hospital, where buildings are actually falling apart and the hospital can only get enough money from the Andrews Government to patch a few things up, but not enough to stop ward closures."Source
Green’s回答： はい、ボートを元に戻すと、陸上、それらを処理しませんGreens leader Christine Milne will propose a doubling of funding to the United Nations refugee agency to speed up assessment and resettlement of asylum seekers in Indonesia and Malaysia, and a 10,000 increase in Australia's refugee intake. One in three places in the 30,000 program would be set aside for refugees assessed by the UN agency in the region, including at least 3800 in Indonesia.
Green’s回答： はい、そして企業は１つ１つの職務の給与範囲を公開するよう義務づけられるべきと思います。The gender pay gap is now 17.3 per cent or about 25 per cent including bonuses, and over the last two decades it’s gone up. It’s caused by discrimination, unequal caring responsibilities and by the undervaluing of feminised industries like nursing and teaching. The Greens are committed to changing those factors and closing the gender pay gap.Source
Green’s回答： はいThe Australian Greens strongly support the fibre-tothe- home National Broadband Network (NBN) currently being built by NBN Co. Linking Australia through fast broadband holds out the promise of increases in productivity, innovation and global cultural exchangeSource
Green’s回答： いいえ。ただし、週平均収益の500％を限度とする必要があります。The salaries of bank bosses would be capped and their bonuses limited to five times the average weekly earnings of their workers under a “radical” new proposal from the Greens.
A week before the banking royal commission begins, Greens treasury spokesman Peter Whish-Wilson said the minor party believed it was now time to cap the bulging pay packets of banking bosses.
Under the plan, bank executive salaries would be capped at 10 times average weekly earnings of workers at the same institutions, with their bonuses – which often exceed their salaries – limited to five times average weekly earnings.Source
Green’s回答： はいThe Australian Greens and the gun control lobby warn allowing imports of the Adler and guns like it means the NFA – struck in the wake of Port Arthur – is at risk of being eroded. Greens senator Nick McKim said the ban should be extended, and expanded.Source
Green’s回答： いいえ、これはオーストラリアに何の利点を提供しませんAdd to that a host of other aircraft visiting for exercises and we are becoming a significant part of the US military machine. The NT Greens are opposed to being structurally bound to US foreign policy like this. We want a peaceful independent future for the NT and Australia.Source
Green’s回答： 増額すべき、ただし、人権侵害のない国に限るAn increase in the level of Australian overseas aid to a minimum of 0.7% of GNI phased in over time, as mandated by the United Nations, with provision for additional increases in the event of natural disasters or conflicts requiring major humanitarian interventions.Source
Green’s回答： いいえ、検閲やデータを監視していませんThe Greens oppose internet censorship, data retention and warrantless surveillance and believe that law enforcement and intelligence agencies should be required to get a warrant before accessing your telecommunications data. The Greens introduced the Telecommunications Amendment (Get a Warrant) Bill to the parliament in June 2013.Source
Liberal’s回答： はいThe Coalition’s scheme will provide mothers with 26 weeks of paid parental leave, at their actual wage or the national minimum wage (whichever is greater), plus superannuation. In contrast, Labor’s parental leave scheme is paid at 18 weeks minimum wage.Source
Liberal’s回答： はいOur No Jab, No Pay policy means parents must immunise their children (unless there is a valid medical exemption) in order to receive their full child care and family payments. This policy is designed to protect children and the community from preventable diseases. It has been a success, with around 210,000 extra children vaccinated in its first year.Source
Liberal’s回答： はい、彼らは、審査委員会によって承認されている場合The Commonwealth Government is putting in place better scrutiny and reporting of foreign purchases of agricultural land — delivering on our commitment to the Australian people at the last election. The Government will continue to welcome foreign investment, but the community must have confidence that this investment is coming in on our terms and for our nation’s benefit.
To improve the scrutiny of foreign purchases of agricultural land the Government will reduce the screening threshold from $252 million to $15 million from 1 March 2015. The new $15 million screening threshold will apply to the cumulative value of agricultural land owned by the foreign investor, including the purposed purchase.Source
Liberal’s回答： はい[Liberal Agricultural Minister] Mr Joyce's spokesman said he would not comment on discussions in a private meeting but his public stance on CSG had not changed: CSG wells are only acceptable if they are kept off prime agricultural land, do not harm water courses and provide a financial return for the farmer and the community. Industry Minister Ian Macfarlane said in September he wanted to see ''every molecule'' of gas extracted. He has established a task force to find a way to cut through red tape and protests to get CSG production happening in the state.Source
Liberal’s回答： はいThe Coalition will continue to support the expansion of headspace to 100 centres nation-wide. This was an important initiative established by the previous Coalition government when Tony Abbott was the Minister for Health.
Increasingly, young people are in the first instance seeking advice and help online. Finding the right help is not easy, so the Coalition will provide the Young and Well Cooperative Research Centre with $5 million to establish a comprehensive new e-mental health platform that will make it easier for young people to get the help they need and to manage their treatmentSource
Liberal’s回答： はい、医薬品やヘルスケアを国営化すべきですThe Government has put nearly 1,000 new and amended drug listings onto the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, ensuring these life-saving medicines are available to all Australians, including:
Keytruda, which is used to treat Melanoma;
Mekinist, which is used to treat positive Metastatic Melanoma; and
Perjeta, Herceptin and Kadcyla, which are used to treat Breast Cancer.
The Government has also invested $1 billion to subsidise breakthrough treatments for all sufferers of Hepatitis C. These treatments would cost $100,000 per patient if not subsidised through the PBS.Source
Liberal’s回答： はい、これは全国の標準化された速度でコストを維持するのに役立ちますTen years ago we were spending $8 billion a year on Medicare. Today we're spending $20 billion. So we are asking everyone to make a modest contribution to ensure that Medicare is sustainable for the long term. From 1 July 2015, previously bulk billed patients will contribute $7 towards the cost of standard GP consultations. A strong safety net will be put in place - concession card holders and children under 16 will only pay the contribution for the first 10 visits each year. The Government won't waste this money. Every dollar of savings in health expenditure in the Budget will be re-invested back into the Medical Research Future Fund.Source
Liberal’s回答： いいえ“The point about the decision of the Fair Work Commission, which was very carefully considered, is that it will generate more jobs, more employment, and so that will be a very significant benefit to the economy, so that was their decision,” Mr Turnbull said, touring the Queensland electorate of Maranoa.Source
Liberal’s回答： いいえ、よりコスト効果の高いソリューションは、そのようなノードへの繊維として開発されるべきですA way to reduce the expense of labor’s fTTP nBn is to extend fibre to cabinets within a few hundred metres of user premises or into the basements of apartment blocks. ‘Fibre to the node,’ or fTTn, increases bandwidth at manageable expense by making use of the existing copper infrastructure over the last few hundred metres before reaching the customer’s premises.Source
Liberal’s回答： いいえThe Turnbull Government continues to pursue an ambitious trade agenda to create jobs and drive economic growth. Removing trade barriers lays the groundwork for our transitioning economy.
Australians will see key benefits from greater access to overseas markets and more affordable prices for household items.Source
Liberal’s回答： いいえ、状態に任せますWe have also honoured our pledge to abolish the Minerals Resource Rent Tax. The Mining Tax raised just 2% of its forecast revenue. But the fiscal mess came about because the previous government committed to new spending as if the tax raised 100% of its forecast revenue. It was a disaster on many fronts but most significantly it discouraged investment and raised sovereign risk around a sector that already has long term, inbuilt, price and construction risks.Source
Liberal’s回答： はい、私たちはISISがイラクの主要都市を支配することを認めることはできません"There is a very real prospect of the defeat of Daesh (IS) in the battlefield, ending their so-called caliphate," Mr Turnbull told reporters gathered outside the White House.
He said real progress was being made towards recapturing or liberating the Iraqi city of Mosul, which fell to the IS group in 2014.Source
Liberal’s回答： いいえ"The Coalition has never supported mandatory internet filtering. Indeed, we have a long record of opposing it," the statement said. "The policy which was issued today was poorly worded and incorrectly indicated that the Coalition supported an 'opt-out' system of internet filtering for both mobile and fixed-line services. That is not our policy and never has been. "The correct position is that the Coalition will encourage mobile phone and internet service providers to make available software which parents can choose to install on their own devices to protect their children from inappropriate material."Source
Liberal’s回答： はいFederal Shadow Minister for Trade, Transport and Local Government, Warren Truss, announced today that an elected Coalition Government would undertake a feasibility study into high speed rail. "The Coalition has always been committed to a modern, fast and efficient rail system in Australia and allocated record amounts of funding to upgrade the Melbourne to Sydney and Sydney to Brisbane coastal rail link during its previous term in office. The Coalition also commissioned a study into fast rail, the East Coast Very High Speed Train Scoping Study. "In Government, the Coalition will build upon this study to consider the viability of possible passenger routes along Australia's east coast between Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney and Brisbane. The study will also undertake a specific analysis of a possible high speed rail link between Sydney and Newcastle. "This is one of Australia's busiest transport corridors. "The Coalition will commission the study and consider its conclusions carefully as part of the Coalition's pla...Source
Liberal’s回答： はいUnder the coalition:
- Universities are in the midst of a two-year funding freeze to save about $2 billion from the budget. Funding will be kept at 2017 levels until 2020.
- The freeze means universities will not get extra money if they enrol more students than last year and they also won't see any indexation to help with rising costs.
- Universities Australia says the freeze will affect 10,000 student places and has called for its reversal.Source
One Nation’s回答： いいえ。温暖化は自然現象だと思うClimate science suffers from problems not found in other areas. Firstly, there are no accurate records for past temperature and it is difficult to reconstruct those temperatures from proxies. Secondly, it is difficult to arrive at a single temperature for the earth in the past and a single temperature for the earth now, so that the two temperatures can be compared and in that way, we can say there is a pattern of warming not seen before the greenhouse gases increased in the atmosphere.Source
One Nation’s回答： はい、そして政府の文書やサービスでは多言語翻訳を止める"For people to assimilate into a society they must be able to communicate, therefore English is a requirement for citizenship. Germany, Japan and other countries around the world ask those wishing to become citizens of their nations, to speak their language. "Source
One Nation’s回答： はい"One Nation believes in balanced, zero net immigration (subject to review depending on economic conditions) and that coming to Australia is a privilege that must not be undervalued. We reserve the right of discretion in protecting our economy, social cohesion and cultural heritage."Source
Animal Justice’s回答： はい"The AJP supports voluntary euthanasia with appropriate safeguards to ensure
that the choice is free and well informed. This choice should only be available
when a person is diagnosed with a disease, illness or medical condition that
is incurable, advanced, progressive and will cause death; and is experiencing
suffering that cannot be relieved in a manner that the person considers tolerable."Source
Animal Justice’s回答： いいえThe AJP opposes the commercial export, whether by sea or air, of live animals; this includes but isn’t limited to sheep, cattle, horses, donkeys, camels and goats.
To promote an enquiry into Australia’s agricultural exports to determine those plant based products best suited to expand and replace the 3.7 percent of our agricultural exports that is the live animal export industry.
To increase investments in the industries identified by this enquiry.Source
Liberal Democrat’s回答： 中絶の選択を尊重する。私自身は中絶賛成派ではないが、政府が中絶を禁止する権利はない。The LDP is, however, opposed to those who seek to impose their religious views on the entire population, as sometimes occurs in areas such as abortion, assisted suicide, stem cell research, drug policy, lifestyle choices (same sex marriage), and education.Source
Liberal Democrat’s回答： 政府は結婚に関与させずかわりに宗教的決断にまかせる"Marriage is quite simply, a private matter"
"The Liberal Democrats do not endorse or reject marriage – it simply regards it as a personal decision that anyone should be entitled to make free of government interference, irrespective of their sexual orientation or lifestyle choice"Source
Liberal Democrat’s回答： いいえ、新エネルギー生産の優遇をもっとするべきScientific evidence suggests that the Earth’s climate has changed throughout its existence, sometimes dramatically, and that changes in climate have impacted human civilisation. Should the evidence become compelling that global warming is due to human activity, that such global warming is likely to have significantly negative consequences for human existence, and that changes in human activity could realistically reverse those consequences, the LDP would favour market-based options.Source
Liberal Democrat’s回答： はいForeign investment does not disrupt either markets or trade. For those who would like to sell their properties and have some money left over after paying off the banks, or who want to borrow against their property, it is to be especially welcomed. More buyers mean higher prices.Source
Liberal Democrat’s回答： はい、限り、プロジェクトが遠く離れて住宅地からあるとしてDavid Leyonhjelm voted very strongly against landholders' right to say no to mining and gas exploration
The majority voted against a motion moved by Senator Penny Wright related to coal seam gas. The motion was:
That the Senate—
(a) notes the importance of protecting valuable agricultural, residential and conservation land from unconventional gas activities;
(b) supports the right of landholders and local residents to say 'no' to unconventional gas exploration and mining in their communities;
(c) recognises the concerns expressed by communities in the south east of South Australia over potential groundwater contamination from unconventional gas activities; and
(d) congratulates the South East Local Government Association in South Australia for standing up for their local communities and voting for a moratorium on unconventional gas.Source
Liberal Democrat’s回答： はいWith demand for nuclear fuel set to increase in coming years, the LDP believes Australia cannot afford to neglect this important source of foreign revenue. There has been a reluctance to capitalise on this valuable resource in the past, with compromises such as the three mines policy operating during the 1980s. The LDP would remove current restrictions on the nuclear industry in Australia - allowing uranium exploration and exports with no limit on mine numbers. The only limitation it would place on uranium exports is to take reasonable steps to ensure it was not used in the production of nuclear weapons.Source
Liberal Democrat’s回答： はいThe nuclear industry also has the potential to create a secondary industry based on the storage of waste products. With vast expanses of uninhabited, geologically stable land, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory could become world leaders in the field of safe storage of nuclear waste. The storage of nuclear waste, if done properly, is safe. Moreover, storage in Australia would help keep it from ending up in the wrong hands.Source